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Family and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)

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Why study Family & Intimate Partner Violence?

The burden of IPV on racial and ethnic minorities is not well documented. However, research has suggested that individuals of Hispanics and African origin are disproportionately affected by IPV. Findings from a five-year study of IPV among a nationally representative sample of couples in the U.S. indicated that Hispanics and Blacks were found to experience more than twice the incidence of IPV (25% each) than Whites (11%), (Caetano, Field, Ramisetty-Mikler & McGrath, 2005).  More recently, the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence Survey (NIPSVS) identified bisexual women and men to be more likely to report IPV than homosexual and heterosexual women and men (CDC, 2013). These data underscore the need for rigorous culture-specific research designed to better understand and address the occurrence of IPV in multicultural communities.

What are we doing at El Centro to help prevent Intimate Partner Violence and other forms of violence against women and teens?

El Centro has been conducting research on IPV as it affects women men adolescents and families of Hispanic descent and victims of IPV more broadly. This research has supported the integration of IPV prevention and interventions within HIV, substance abuse and mental health services.  Research at El Centro developed and evaluated the first efficacious HIV prevention program for Hispanic women that documented a decrease in IPV among its participants, SEPA (Salud, Educación, Prevención y Autocuidado (Health, Education, Prevention and Self-care).  El Centro has established a strong community-academic partnership with the MDC Community Action and Human Services Department, The Coordinated Victims Assistance Center (CVAC), that has laid the foundation for a productive and community-informed research agenda. This agenda has resulted in dating violence prevention, HIV/STI testing among victims of IPV, the prevention of domestic violence homicide and other programs for victims and the general community.


El Centro Studies Related to Family and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV):

"SEPA III: Salud/Health, Educacion/Education, Prevencion/Prevention, Autocuidado/Self-care”, Nilda Peragallo, DrPH, PI

"PDVP: Partnership for Domestic Violence Prevention”, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, PhD, PI.

"SEPA-O: Salud/Health, Educacion/Education, Prevencion/Prevention, Autocuidado/Self-care for Older Women, Rosa Cianelli, PhD, PI

"Testing an HIV/AIDS Prevention Intervention for Chilean Women”, Rosina Cianelli, PhD, PI

"JOVEN (Juntos Opuestos a la Violencia Entre Novios/Together against Dating Violence)”, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, PhD, PI

"SEPA II: Salud/Health, Educacion/Education, Prevencion/Prevention, Autocuidado/Self-care)”, Nilda Peragallo, DrPH, PI

"Coordinated Victims Assistance Center (CVAC) Health Education Study”, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, PhD, PI

"Disparities in HIV, STIs and Testing Among Victims of Intimate Partner Violence”, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, PhD, PI

"Exploring the Experiences of Seeking Services for Teen Dating Violence: A Sub-Study of Project JOVEN”, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, PhD, PI

"Screening for Intimate Partner Violence among Healthcare Facilities in Miami-Dade County”, Jessica Roberts Williams, PhD, PI

El Centro Publications Related to Family and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV):

Cianelli, R., Villegas, N., Lawson, S., Ferrer, L., Kaelber, L., Peragallo, N., Yaya, A. (2013). Unique factors that place older Hispanic women at risk for HIV: Intimate partner violence, machismo and marianismo. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 24(4), 341-54.

Cummings, A., Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M., Sandoval, M. F. (2013). Intimate partner violence among Hispanics: A review of the literature. Journal of Family Violence, 28(2), 153-171. PMCID: PMC3627727

De Santis, J., Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M., Vasquez, E., DeLeon, D. (2014). Las ramas enredadas: Sexual risk, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence among Hispanic men who have sex with men. Journal of Transcultural Nursing., 25(1), 23-32 PMCID: PMC3867556

De Santis, J.P., Provencio-Vasquez, E., DeLeon, D.A., & Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M. (2012). Relationships as risk for HIV infection: High risk sex, substance abuse, and violence among Hispanic men who have sex with men. Horizonte de Enfermeria, 23 (1), 27-39.

Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., McCabe, B. E., Vermeesch, A. l., Cianelli, R., Peragallo-Montano, N., Florom-Smith, A.L. (2013). Cultural phenomena and the syndemic factor: Substance abuse, violence, HIV and depression among Hispanic women. Annals of Anthropological Practice, 36 (2), 212-231.

Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M., De Santis, J. & Vasquez, E. (2013). Sexual orientation and demographic, cultural and psychological factors associated with the perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence among Hispanic men. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 34(2), 103-109. PMCID: PMC3563281

Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M., Vermeesch, A., Florom-Smith, A., McCabe, B. & Peragallo, N. (2013). Birthplace, culture, self-esteem and intimate partner violence among community dwelling Hispanic women. Violence Against Women, 19(1), 6-23. PMCID: PMC3584196

Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., Becerra, M. (2012). Intimate partner violence among Hispanic women: Implications for research and practice. Horizonte de Enfermeria, 20(2).

Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M., Lipman Diaz, E.G., Cummings, A.M. (2012). A community forum to assess the needs and preferences for domestic violence prevention targeting Hispanics. Hispanic Health Care International, 10(1), 18-27. PMCID: PMC3528337

Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., McCabe, B. E., Florom-Smith, A., Cianelli, R., & Peragallo, N. (2011). Substance abuse, violence, HIV, and depression: An underlying syndemic factor among Latinas. Nursing Research, 60(3), 182-189. PMCID: PMC3171180

Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., Florom-Smith, A., & Thomas, T. (2011). A syndemic model of substance abuse, intimate partner violence, HIV infection, and mental health among Hispanics. Public Health Nursing, 28(4), 366-378. PMCID: PMC3137267

Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., Vasquez, E. P., Urrutia, M., Villarruel, A. M., & Peragallo, N. (2011). Hispanic women’s experiences with substance abuse, intimate partner violence, and risk for HIV. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 22(1), 46-54. PMCID: PMC3070462

Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., Ortega, J., Vasquez, E. P., & De Santis, J. (2010). La mancha negra: Substance abuse, violence, and sexual risks among Hispanic males. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 32(1), 128-148. PMCID: PMC3070461

Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., Peragallo, N., Lynch, A., & Nemes, S. (2010). Drugs, women and violence in the Americas: U.S. results of a multi-centric pilot project (phase 1). Revista Colombiana De Psiquiatria, 39, 46-55. PMCID: PMC3095439

Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., Peragallo, N., Lynch, A., Nemes, S. (2010). Drugs, women and violence in the Americas: U.S. Quantitative results of a multi-centric pilot project (phase 2). Revista Colombiana De Psiquiatria, 39, 66-83. PMCID: PMC3098460

Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M. (2009). The Syndemic Orientation: Implications for eliminating Hispanic health disparities. Hispanic Health Care International, 7(3), 114-115.

Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M., Peragallo, N., Urrutia, M.T., Vasquez, E.P., Mitrani, V.B. (2009). Intimate partner violence, depression and resource availability among a community sample of Hispanic women. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 30(4), 227-236.

Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M., Peragallo, N., Urrutia, M.T., Vasquez, E.P. & Mitrani, V.B. (2008). HIV risk, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence among Hispanic women and their intimate partners. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. 19 (4), 252-266.

Jackson-Gilfort, A., Mitrani, V.B., & Szapocznik, J. (2000) Conjoint couple’s therapy in preventing violence in low income African American couples: A case report. Journal of Family Psychotherapy. 11 (4), 37-60.

Lawson, S.L., Laughon, K., Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M. (2012). Predictors of health care use among a predominantly Hispanic, urban sample of individuals seeking IPV services. Hispanic Health Care International, 10(1), 28-35. PMCID: PMC3528338

Lawson, S. L., Munoz-Rojas, D., Gutman, L. S. (2012). Changing attitudes and perceptions of Hispanic men ages 18 to 25 about rape and rape prevention. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 33(12), 864-870.

Miner, S., Ferrer, L., Cianelli, R., Bernales, M., & Cabieses, B. (2011). Intimate partner violence and HIV risk behaviors among socially disadvantaged Chilean women. Violence Against Women, 17(4), 517-531. PMCID: PMC3772780

Peragallo, N., Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M., McCabe, B. & Cianelli, R. (2012). The efficacy of an HIV risk reduction intervention for Hispanic women. AIDS and Behavior, 15(5), 1316-13126. PMCID: PMC3528343

Choudhury, S.M., Anglade, D., Park, K. (2013). From violence to sex work: Agency, escaping violence, and HIV risk among establishment-based female sex workers in Tijuana, Mexico. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 24(4), 368-382. doi:10.1016/j.jana.2013.03.002

De Santis, J.Pl, Patsdaughter, C.A. (2014). Editorial: The Dangerous Intersection of Violence and HIV Infection. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care, 25(1S), S1-S4. doi:10.1016/j.jana.2013.10.006

Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M., Cummings, A.M., Becerra, M., Fernandez, M.C. & Mesa, I. (2013). Needs and preferences for the prevention of intimate partner violence among Hispanics: A community’s perspective. Journal of Primary Prevention, 34(4): 221-235. PMCID: PMC3809954

Gonzalez- Guarda, R. M. (2013) Pushing the syndemic research agenda forward: A comment on Pitpitan et al. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 45(2), 135-6. PMCID: PMC3820103


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