Quickly determine the most reasonable way to protect your own life.
Evacuate (Get Out)
If there is an accessible escape path, attempt to evacuate the premises. Be sure to:
• Have an escape route and plan in mind.
• Evacuate regardless of whether others agree to follow.
• Leave your belongings behind.
• Help others evacuate, if possible.
• Prevent individuals from entering an area where the active shooter may be.
• Keep your hands visible.
• Follow the instructions of any police officers.
• Do not attempt to move wounded people.
Shelter-In-Place (Hide Out)
If evacuation is not possible, find a place to hide where the active shooter is less likely to find you. Your hiding place should:
• Be out of the active shooter’s view.
• Provide protection if shots are fired in your direction (i.e. an office with a closed and locked door).
• Not trap you or restrict your options for movement.
To prevent an active shooter from entering your hiding place:
• Lock the door.
• Block the door with heavy furniture.
If the active shooter is nearby:
• Lock the door.
• Silence your cell phone and/or pager.
• Turn off any source of noise (i.e. radio, television).
• Hide behind large items (i.e. cabinets, desks).
• Remain quiet.
Protect Yourself (Act Out)
As a last resort, and only when your life is in imminent danger, attempt to disrupt and/or incapacitate the active shooter by:
• Acting as aggressively as possible against him/her.
• Throwing items and improvising weapons.
• Committing to your actions.
How to respond when law enforcement arrives:
• Put down any items in your hands.
• Keep hands visible.
• Follow all instructions.
• Avoid making quick movements toward officers.
• Do not stop to ask officers for help or directions when evacuating. Just proceed in the direction from which officers are entering the premises.
Go to www.miami.edu/activeshooter or www.dhs.gov/activeshooter for more resources.