What is Research?
Research is a process of inquiry designed to discover new information. The word research comes from the French recherche, to search closely. This process may vary from discipline to discipline. In the sciences, research generally follows the hypothetico-deductive method to test predictions deduced from educated guesses called hypotheses. In the humanities, research is the synthesis of knowledge to create new ideas that can be explored by others. In the fine arts, research is the creation of new works and techniques from existing modalities. Thus the meaning of research varies across different disciplines. The one constant theme is that research is an inquiry-based activity that leads to discovery. The distinction between a student taking a traditional course and one doing research is that the former is a receptacle of knowledge and the latter is the creator of knowledge.
Types of Research:
Clinical Research: Deal with data, not the patients. Generate data, see correlation, turn over data set
Community Based Research: Getting information with questionnaires, talking to people, survey work
Lab Research: Work in a wet lab setting
What is the difference between quantitative and qualitative research?
Quantitative and Qualitative Research Approaches
Orientation:Assumptions about the world
Quantitative: A single reality i.e., measured by an instrument
Qualitative: Multiple realities, e.g., interviews of principal, teachers, and students about a social situation
Quantitative: Establish relationships between measured variables
Qualitative: Understanding a social situation from participants’ perspectives
Orientation:Prototypical study (clearest example)
Quantitative: Experimental design to reduce error and bias
Qualitative: Ethnography using “disciplined subjectivity”
Quantitative: Detached with use of instruments
Qualitative: Prepared person becomes immersed in social situation
Orientation:Importance of context
Quantitative: Goal of universal context-free generalizations
Qualitative: Goal of detailed context-bound summary statements
Source: McMillan, James H., and Sally Shumacher. Research in education: evidence-based inquiry, 7th ed.. Pearson Education: Boston, MA, 2010; table 1.4.
How Intense is the Research Commitment?
Your research commitment will vary depending on what kind of experience you are interested in. These experiences vary from being a volunteer to a student researcher for credit or a stipend. Do not accept a position if you are unsure or have doubts. There is no obligation to accept a position. Make sure that it will be a right fit so that you will follow through on your commitment to the research mentor. It takes valuable time and resources to train a new student and it is disappointing when a student changes their mind after starting their research.
The majority of positions are voluntary. A student who requests a research experience and is not seeking university credit or other compensation is known as a research volunteer. He/She is generally requesting a research experience that will enable him/her to understand better the role of research in a given field of study. The student is expected to dedicate at least six hours a week to the research experience, assisting the mentor in appropriate research activities. The experience is typically for one semester but can be expanded or adapted into a Student Researcher position with the agreement of the student and mentor. The mentor will be responsible for negotiating a work schedule and providing the student with a successful research experience. No grade will be required.
Student Researcher (Credit or Stipend)
Many students can earn course credit for their research experience. Different research mentor departments have special courses listed as independent research under faculty. Before you register for a research credit course, meet with the faculty member to obtain her/his approval to enroll in the class. If you register for one of these courses you will arrange your research hours with your research mentor. The research course can count as credit towards your major. If credit is an important aspect of your participation as a student researcher you should discuss this with your advisor and faculty member. She/he will determine the requirements to obtain credit.
Some stipend sources of funding (may work for credit or pay, but not both):
- FGLSAMP (Florida-Georgia Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation) for qualifying freshmen students from the underrepresented minorities in biomedical engineering who are interested in pursuing a PhD or MD/PHD
- HHMI (Howard Hughes Medical Institute) Undergraduate Research Training Program for qualifying freshmen students from the underrepresented minorities in the biomedical sciences who are interested in pursuing a PhD or MD/PHD
- IMSD (Initiative for Maximizing Student Development) for qualifying students from the underrepresented minorities who are interested in pursuing a PhD
Summer Student Researcher
A Summer Student Researcher is someone who has accepted a position in an intensive summer research program. The student is usually a University of Miami student or may be visiting from another university, college, or high school. This student usually has career plans that involve research in his or her future. To be successful, you are expected to dedicate at least 40 hours week and you are usually paid a stipend for this effort. Programs through the Office of Undergrad Research include: HHMI (Howard Hughes Medical Institute) High School Scholar Program, Leadership Alliance SR-EIP (Summer Research Early Identification Program), and the College of Arts and Sciences Summer Research Program for Underrepresented Minorities and Women.
Do UM Students Have the Opportunity to Present Their Research?
The answer is Yes! The opportunities to present your researches are numerous. In fact, the academic grants administered by the Office of Undergraduate Research require student to write a research paper worthy of publication or make a poster presentation at a symposium. One of the primary responsibilities of your mentor is to guide you through the scholarly process of publishing and presenting your work.
How do I apply for Research?
If you would like to meet with the office manager to discuss your availability and research interests, call 305-284-5058 to schedule.