Here you will find the tools and information that you need to present at a conference, write a proposal, or a research paper.

Research Proposal Guidelines
Abstract
Abstract Sample
Writing The Scientific/Research Paper
Scientific/Research Paper - Self Evaluation
Scientific/Research Paper - Sample
PowerPoint Poster Instructions
PowerPoint Poster Template
PowerPoint Poster Notes
PowerPoint Oral Presentation Instructions

Research Proposal Guidelines

Students who are being paid or are receiving research credit with Dr. Michael Gaines are asked to develop a 2-4 page Research Proposal within six (6) weeks of beginning their research experience.  Double spaced, 12 point font.

Proposal Guidelines
(1) Title
(2) Background & Logical Context
(3) Significance
(4) Clear statement of the general question and the specific objectives
(5) Methods that will be used, explanation of how the methods will provide the data necessary to answer the question
(6) Key references to relevant published work

Abstract

The Abstract is the description of your project as one paragraph, 250 word maximum.
Abstract Guidelines:
(1) Title
(2) Background & Significance
(3) Clear statement of the general question and the specific objectives
(4) Methods that will be used, explanation of how the methods will provide the data necessary to answer the question
(5)  Results and Conclusions
Abstract Sample

Writing The Scientific/Research Paper

Your written final report should correspond to the following format, that of a scientific paper. Your text should be typed double-spaced, in a12 pt serif font and not more than 15 pages in length. Tables and figures do not count towards the page limit. You should discuss your project as fully as is merited, but, as with submissions to scientific journals, readers will not look with favor on discursive, overblown manuscripts. For more information than appears below, consult any of numerous texts on scientific writing such as:

Day, Robert A. 1983. How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper. ISI Press, Philadelphia, PA. 181pp.
Perry, Carol R. 1991. The Fine Art of Technical Writing. Blue Heron Publishing, Hillsboro, OR. 112pp.
Committee on Form and Style of the Council of Biology Editors. 1972. CBE Style Manual. American Institute of Biological Sciences, Washington, D.C.. 297pp.

Introduction
State why you chose your particular project; tell why it is of interest or worthy of the attempt. State the explicit hypothesis (or hypotheses) that was (were) tested.

Methods
Give sufficient details of methods (including information on materials used) to allow someone to duplicate your work, especially with respect to those factors that may have had major effects on results. Note any special problems and how you overcame them (e.g., protein precipitated unless pH was buffered).

Results
Present a summary of your data. This is where you cite your figures and tables. Graphs will usually be most appropriate for showing your findings, but data summaries (do not reproduce all your data) may be tabular. Include any non-quantitative observations in the text. Describe the analysis of the data including any statistical tests performed.

Discussion
State your conclusions. Was your null hypothesis rejected? How much confidence may one have in your results; how reliable are your results? Have additional questions been raised? Have you satisfied the objectives of your project? If you were to try to do the project again, would you do it differently?

Table and Figure Legends
Each table and figure should be cited in the text of your paper, and should be accompanied by an explanatory text legend. The legend should explain enough so that someone reading only the legend can fully understand your table or figure. Include the meaning of any abbreviations used.

SCIENTIFIC/RESEARCH PAPER - Self Evaluation

TITLE AND INTRODUCTION
• Does your title briefly and precisely indicate the focus of the work?
• Does your introduction define the main topic of the work and tell what is known about it?
• Do you conclude your introduction with a clear question or questions that the work is to answer?

METHODS
• Would your description of methods allow a reader to exactly duplicate your work?
• Do you clearly indicate how many independent samples were collected?
• Are routine procedures over-described, but modifications of them or procedures unique to your work not clearly described?
• Have you described your calculations?

RESULTS
• Are your quantitative results presented in an appropriate table or figure?
• Have you overwhelmed or confused the reader by including information that is simply a step along the way to the calculation of your results?
• Have you reported the VARIABILITY among replicate samples?

TABLES & FIGURES
• Do your TABLES consist of labeled columns with information arranged within them by row?
• Are your FIGURES either pictures or graphs?
• Are tables numbered consecutively and figures numbered consecutively? Are they cited in the text of the abstract?
• Is each table and figure accompanied by a legend consisting of a “title” (in the form of an incomplete sentence) and an explanation of the contents? Do you clearly explain the meaning of any abbreviations?
• Could a reader understand your work by perusing ONLY the tables and figures?
• Are all AXES of graphs correctly labeled with UNITS indicated? Is the meaning of different symbols stated in the figure legend?
• Is there some indication of VARIABILITY (either plotting all individual observations, or (best) showing the standard deviation or standard error with error bars) on your graph?

DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS
• Is your conclusion justified by the results that you have presented? (Make sure to consider the VARIABILITY among replicates before concluding that you think categories are likely to be different!)
• Have you discussed why you may have gotten the results that you obtained?
• Have you avoided stating that you “proved” your idea of what you’d find? (After all, you’ve examined just one occurrence of the phenomenon!)
• If you failed to get results or think that your results are not reliable, have you indicated why and said what you would do differently?

Scientific/Research Paper Sample

PowerPoint Poster Instructions

PowerPoint Poster Instructions
Kathryn Tosney’s “How to create a poster that graphically communicates your message”

PowerPoint Poster Template

PowerPoint Poster Template

PowerPoint Poster Notes

• Standard poster size is 48 ” width x 36” height.  Make sure you check the dimension requirements for your particular event.
• If in a program, you must acknowledge the program.  Ex: “My research has been supported by the NIGMS/HHMI Bridge Program.” 
• Be careful with too much text. 
• If your mentor is not listed as an author, you should acknowledge he/she in the Acknowledgments section.
• Do not put two UM logos, for example the general UM logo and the Sylvester logo.  You only need one or the other. 
• All tables should have a heading above them, and all figures should have a labeled legend beneath them. 
• To save on ink, posters should have a white or very light background.
• To convert a PowerPoint poster to PDF: For Macs, print the poster to a file and specify printing as a PDF.  For windows, you will need Adobe Acrobat, the full version, which you can download from http://miami.edu/software - it’s under “Graphics, Design and Web Tools” as “Adobe Acrobat Professional TSL Program”.  Once that is installed, you will have aPDF printer listed under your printers section.

PowerPoint Oral Presentation Instructions

Please arrive earlier in order to save your work on the PC that we will be using.

Unless a specific time frame is specified, plan on a 10 minute PowerPoint of your project, so that the audience is able
to follow your presentation, followed by 5 minutes for questions and answers.  Practice your presentation, and stay
within the allotted time.

We encourage you to discuss your slides with your research mentor before you present. 

At the time of your presentation, please introduce yourself and let the audience know how you obtained the research position and what interested you about the project. 

Suggested format
We suggest a PowerPoint that includes the following:

Title of Project
Begin your presentation with the title of your project.  State the name of the University and your faculty research mentor’s department, your name, and the name of your faculty research mentor.

Introduction
State why you chose your particular project; tell why it is of interest or worthy of the attempt. State the explicit hypothesis (or hypotheses) that was (were) tested.

Methods
Give sufficient details of methods (including information on materials used) to allow someone to duplicate your work, especially with respect to those factors that may have had major effects on results. Note any special problems and how you overcame them (e.g., protein precipitated unless pH was buffered).

Results
Present a summary of your data. This is where you cite your figures and tables. Graphs will usually be most appropriate for showing your findings, but data summaries (do not reproduce all your data) may be tabular. Include any non-quantitative observations in the text. Describe the analysis of the data including any statistical tests performed.

Discussion
State your conclusions. Was your null hypothesis rejected? How much confidence may one have in your results; how reliable are your results? Have additional questions been raised? Have you satisfied the objectives of your project? If you were to try to do the project again, would you do it differently?

Questions?
Take time to answer any questions the audience has on your project.