The University of Miami strives toward a set of shared values, beliefs, norms and is working to
develop an organizational culture. Through this supportive culture that values employees and their
contributions, it facilitates empowerment. Creative problem solving is supported by our organizational
culture with strong values for information sharing, fair and constructive sharing of ideas, and reward
and recognition that this empowerment of faculty and staff bring to building a better University for our students,
patients.

Participative Leadership Leads to Empowerment

University managers can encourage and facilitate participation and empowerment by involving
others when making decisions that affect them. Involving employees can potentially improve
the quality of decision making in the workplace, and it helps to improve the acceptance of
decisions and employee satisfaction with the decision-making process. It also helps to
develop their decision making skills. Four basic types of decision procedures can be arranged
on a continuum from no influence by others to high level of influence; these processes are
autocratic, consultative, joint, and delegation.

Autocratic decisions are made by the leader without asking for the opinions of
others, so there is no participation.

Consultative decisions are ones in which the leader asks others
for opinions and ideas but makes the final decision alone, after considering others’ views.

Joint decisions are made together by the leader and other relevant parties.
Delegation means that the leader gives an individual or group the authority and responsibility to
make a decision.

We should strive to use joint decisions whenever possible at all levels.