As part of its activities, the Center annually invites two distinguished Latin American or Caribbean analysts of current political and economic developments and trends in the region to participate in the activities of the Center as Visiting Fellows. The Visiting Fellows participate in the work of task forces, as well as write and speak, both in Miami and elsewhere in the United States, on issues such as free trade, the sustainability of democracy in Latin America, prospects for economic and political reform, corruption, corporate social responsibility and the upcoming elections.
Visiting Fellow 2013
Roberto Bouzas is currently a visiting fellow at the Center for Hemispheric Policy at the University of Miami. In Argentina, he is a professor and chairman of the social sciences department of Universidad de San Andrés. Dr. Bouzas is also a senior research fellow at the National Council for Scientific and Technical Research and academic director of the master’s degree program in international relations and negotiations at Universidad de San Andrés. He teaches regularly at the International Economic Law and Policy Graduate LLM Program (IELPO) at Universidad de Barcelona (Spain). Dr. Bouzas’s latest publications are “Cambio climático y comercio: implicaciones para América Latina” (Revista de Desarrollo Económico, December 2010) and Después de Doha: la agenda emergente del sistema de comercio internacional (Madrid: Marcial Pons Editores, 2007).
Armando Castelar Pinheiro is coordinator of applied economic research at the Instituto Brasileiro de Economia (IBRE) of the Fundação Gertúlio Vargas in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, as well as professor of economics at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. He leads IBRE’s research on topics such as infrastructure regulation, financial services and macroeconomics, in addition to supervising researchers working in other areas. Previously, Dr. Castelar worked at Gávea Investimentos, where he conducted research on financial service firms in Brazil and other emerging economies; at the Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) as a senior researcher; and at Brazil’s National Development Bank (BNDES), where he was head of the economics department. Dr. Castelar is a member of the Superior Council of Economics of the Federation of Industries of the State of São Paulo (FIESP). He writes monthly columns for Brazilian newspapers Valor Econômico and Correio, and is the author of several books, the latest entitled Além da Euforia: Riscos e Lacunas do Modelo Brasileiro de Desenvolvimento (Elsevier, 2012, with Fabio Giambiagi). Dr. Castelar earned a Ph.D. in economics from the University of California at Berkeley.
Visiting Fellows 2012
Robert Funk is deputy director and assistant professor of political science at the Institute for Public Affairs of the University of Chile. He obtained his PhD in government at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Dr. Funk’s research areas include democratization, presidentialism and political elites in Latin America. In addition to teaching courses in comparative and Latin American politics, he has also consulted on Latin American issues for a variety of government institutions and private sector companies. A Canadian national who is now based in Chile, Dr. Funk is a frequent commentator on radio and television both in Chile and internationally, and an occasional columnist for Santiago’s La Tercera, La Segunda and El Mostrador newspapers. He has been the regional editor and team leader for LSE’s joint venture with IDEAglobal’s LatAm Markets Today, a daily financial markets newsletter. As well as authoring articles and book chapters, Dr. Funk is the editor of El gobierno de Ricardo Lagos: La nueva vía chilena hacia el socialismo (Santiago: UDP, 2006), and is editor of Política, the University of Chile’s political science journal. In November 2006, he was elected for a two-year term as president of the Chilean Political Science Association.
Roberto Salinas Leon is president of The Economist’s Mexico Business Forum and an associate of the Economist Intelligence Unit in Mexico. He is also an adjunct professor of political economy at the Instituto Tecnológico Autónomo de México (ITAM) in Mexico City. In 2009, Dr. Salinas was named among Mexico’s list of 300 leaders by the magazine Líderes Mexicanos. He writes a weekly column for El Economista titled “De Capital Importancia,” and he has written more than 2,000 editorials on public policy topics for publications such as The Wall Street Journal, Washington Times, The Journal of Commerce, Investor’s Business Daily and Barrons. From 1994 to 2004, Dr. Salinas was a weekly economic analyst on the TV Azteca news show “Hechos” and he has been a regular commentator for CNN, CNN Latinamerica, CNBC, Reuters and National Public Radio, among others. He has delivered over 800 lectures in Mexico, the United States and Canada, as well as several countries in Latin America, Europe and Asia. Dr. Salinas has testified before the U.S. Congress on issues of free trade, economic reform and liberalization, and exchange rate policy. In Mexico, he has advised the Ministry of Finance on transparency and budget reform, and he has been an adviser on safety nets and the design of structural reform programs for the Ministry of Social Development. In the Office of the President, Dr. Salinas worked as an adviser on Hernando de Soto’s project to empower citizens in moderate poverty levels with property titles and access to capital markets. In 2009 and 2010, he served as president of the Association of Private Enterprise Education. Currently, Dr. Salinas serves as president of the Alamos Alliance as well as the Antigua Forum at the Universidad Francisco Marroquín.
Roger Tissot is the director of Tissot Associates, an independent consultancy firm that specializes in strategic analysis and business development support to companies and governments with interests in Latin America’s energy sector. Previously, Mr. Tissot was the director for Latin America in the country strategies practice at PFC Energy. Prior to that, he worked for EnCana Corporation on political, economic and market risk issues in Latin America and Africa. Mr. Tissot served as the coordinator for the energy component of a cooperation program between the governments of Canada and Colombia. He is a frequent speaker on political and economic issues impacting Latin America’s energy sector.
Visiting Fellow 2011
Amaury de Souza is a senior partner of MCM Associated Consultants, an economic and political consultancy with offices in São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, and of Techne, a business and management consultancy in Rio de Janeiro. He was also a professor at the Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro. Dr. de Souza has been a visiting professor and research associate at University of California at Riverside, University of California at Berkeley, University of Michigan, University of Notre Dame, Duke University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and at the Pontifícia Universidade Católica of Rio de Janeiro. He was a fellow of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and a member of the board of the Roper Center for Public Opinion Research at University of Connecticut as well as the Comparative Study of Electoral Systems at University of Michigan. Dr. de Souza received his B.A. degree from the School of Economics at the Universidade Federal of Minas Gerais, Brazil, and earned a Ph. D. in political science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He is a member of the Social and Political Orientation Council of the São Paulo Chamber of Commerce and has been a guest speaker for the Brazil-United States Business Council of the United States Chamber of Commerce. Dr. de Souza’s recent publications include Brazil and China: An Uneasy Partnership (Miami: University of Miami, Center for Hemispheric Policy, 2008); and Political Reform in Brazil: Promises and Pitfalls (Washington, D.C.: Center for Strategic and International Studies, 2004). His book, A Agenda Internacional do Brasil: A Política Externa Brasileira de FHC a Lula, was published by Editora Campus/Elsevier in 2009. Dr. de Souza also co-authored the book A Classe Média Brasileira: Ambições, Valores e Projetos de Sociedade with Bolívar Lamounier, published by Editora Campus/Elsevier in 2010.
Visiting Fellow 2010
Karen Poniachik was Chile’s minister of mining in the Bachelet government from March 2006 to January 2008, and in that capacity, she was the chair of the boards of directors of state-owned companies Codelco, Enap and Enami. From 2006 to 2007, she also served as Chile’s minister of energy. Ms. Poniachik became Chile’s special envoy to the Paris-based Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 2008, in charge of the country’s accession process to the Organisation, which was successfully completed in January 2010. Ms. Poniachik served in the Lagos government from 2000 to 2006 as executive vice-president of the Foreign Investment Committee. Prior to that, while residing in New York, she was director of business and financial programs at the Council of the Americas, was a consultant to the Chilean ministries of foreign relations and finance, and served on the board of the North American-Chilean Chamber of Commerce from 1995 to 2000. Ms. Poniachik also worked as an international political analyst in the New York office of the ECO/Televisa network from 1990 to 1995. Currently, Ms. Poniachik is a member of the boards of directors of Chiletabacos and Terpel-Chile, and is also a member of the advisory council of the Chilean-American Chamber of Commerce in Santiago. She is a regular panelist on “Ciudad Capital,” a daily, current-events radio program that broadcasts throughout Chile, and is an op-ed contributor for the Santiago-based Diario Financiero newspaper.
Visiting Fellows 2008
The Center’s 2008 Visiting Fellows are Anel Townsend, a noted expert on human rights, anticorruption and transparency, and gender issues, and Santiago Montenegro, a noted expert on exchange rates, public finances, external shocks and political economy.
Anel Townsend is currently a consultant for the Unit of Gender and Diversity at the Inter-American Development Bank, a Member of the Advisory Council of Latin American Parliament (PARLATINO), and a member of the Advisory Council of Vital Voices Global Partnership. From 1995 to 2006 she was a member of the Peruvian Congress, where she focused on issues of human rights, gender equality, and anti-corruption. Between 2001 and 2002 she served as chair of the Special Investigation Committee into the illegal activities of the Fujimori administration, which produced more than one hundred accusations against the former president, many of which were included in the extradition request approved by the Chilean Supreme Court. She is also a former minister of Women’s Affairs and Social Development in Peru.
Santiago Montenegro is president of Asociación Colombiana de Administradoras de Fondos de Pensiones y Cesantías (ASOFONDOS), a private, non-profit national association of pension funds administrators in Bogotá, Colombia. From 2002 to 2006, Dr. Montenegro served in a cabinet position as general director of the Colombian National Department of Planning in the administration of President Álvaro Uribe. Prior to that, he was president of Asociación Nacional de Instituciones Financieras (ANIF), an economic think tank. From 1996 to 2000, Dr. Montenegro was dean of the School of Economics at La Universidad de Los Andes, where, in 1997, he founded the International Summer School of Economics, a program offering high-level, macro- and microeconomic courses to professionals in the public and private sectors. From 1991 to 1994, he was an economist in the Western Africa department in the country operations division of the World Bank Group. Dr. Montenegro received his Ph.D. in economics from the University of Oxford in England, a Master of Science in economics from the London School of Economics in England and a master’s in economics from La Universidad de Los Andes in Bogotá. He is the author and editor of numerous books and articles on the topics of exchange rate, public finances, external shocks, Colombia’s coffee economics and political economy, and has recently published Crisis mundial, protección e industrialización (2007) and Sociedad abierta, geografía y desarrollo (2006).
Visting Fellows 2007
The Center’s 2007 Visiting Fellows are Aníbal Romero, a noted expert on political and social theory, Patricio Navia, a noted expert on electoral systems, democratization, and democratic institutions, and Alberto Trejos, an active researcher in macroeconomics, international trade, and development economics.
Aníbal Romero is a professor of political theory at Universidad Metropolitana in Caracas. Dr. Romero was a professor of Political Science for 27 years at the Simón Bolívar University in Caracas, Venezuela. During that time, he served as a visiting scholar at Harvard University and the Hoover Institution at Stanford University. He also taught at Metropolitan University in Caracas, Venezuela. Dr. Romero received his Ph.D. and M.A. in Strategic Studies from King’s College at the University of London. His most recent book publications include, ‘Sobre historia y poder,’ ‘Nuevos estudios de filosofía política,’ ‘Venezuela: Historia y política,’ and ‘Facismo, democracia, teoría política.’ Dr. Romero recently published several scholarly articles about Venezuelan politics, including, ‘¿Que va a pasar en Venezuela?,’ ‘La situación de Venezuela y sus perspectivas,’ ‘Las fuerzas políticas y la nueva Venezuela,’ and ‘Visiones del fracaso: intelectuales y desilusión en la Venezuela moderna.’ Additionally, he served as the political advisor to the National Security Council of Venezuela (1977-1979), political advisor to the Minister of Foreign Affairs (1985-1988) and political advisor to the Minister of Defense (1977-1978, 1987-1988, and 1992-1993).
Patricio Navia is a master teacher of global cultures in the General Studies Program and adjunct assistant professor in the Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies at New York University. He is also a researcher and professor at the Instituto de Investigación en Ciencias Sociales at Universidad Diego Portales in Chile. He holds a Ph.D. in Politics from New York University, an M.A. in Political Science from the University of Chicago and a B.A. in Political Sciences and Sociology from the University of Illinois at Chicago. He has been a visiting professor at Princeton, New School University and Universidad de Chile. He has published scholarly articles and book chapters on democratization, electoral rules and democratic institutions in Latin America in Comparative Political Studies, Journal of Democracy, Current History, Democratization, Social Science Quarterly and Americas Quarterly. In Spanish, he has published in Política y Gobierno, Foreign Affairs en Español, Nueva Sociedad, Estudios Públicos, Perspectivas, Revista de Ciencia Política and the FLACSO yearly. He is a columnist at La Tercera newspaper and Capital magazine in Chile. His book ‘Las grandes alamedas: El Chile Post Pinochet’ was a best-seller in Chile in 2004. His second book ‘Que gane el más mejor: Mérito y Competencia en el Chile de hoy’ (coauthored with Eduardo Engel), published August 2006, is on its third edition and was in the best selling list in Chile for more than 25 weeks.
Alberto Trejos is a professor of economics at INCAE Business School in Costa Rica and former general director of its Latin American Center for Competitiveness and Sustainable Development. He is also president of CINDE (Costa Rica Investment Promotion Agency). Dr. Trejos served as the Costa Rican minister of Foreign Trade from 2002-2004, and acted as chief negotiator of CAFTA and CARICOM-FTA. He was responsible for Costa Rica’s ratification of its FTA with Canada and its entry into the Central American Customs Union. Dr. Trejos received a Ph.D. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania in 1994. He was a professor in the Economics Department of Northwestern University from 1994 to 1998 as well as a visiting professor and research fellow at Institut d’Anàlisi Econòmica de Barcelona, the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Fundação Getulio Vargas of Rio de Janeiro, and The University of Texas. Dr. Trejos is an active researcher in macroeconomics, international trade and development and has been a National Science Foundation grantee and a Fulbright scholar.
Visiting Fellows 2006
The Center’s 2006 Visiting Fellows are Mario Marconini, a noted Brazilian expert on trade issues, and Luis Rubio, one of Mexico’s leading political analysts.
Mario Marconini is the president of ManattJonesMarconini Global Strategies, an international consulting firm in São Paulo. He is also president of the Council of International Relations at Fecomercio (one-million-firm strong federation of commerce) and of the Services-Investment Chapter of the Mercosur-European Union Business Forum (MEBF). Mr. Marconini is an associate professor at the School for Advanced Studies on Advertising and Marketing (ESPM). He is one of the experts on Brazil’s official list for both the World Trade Organization (WTO) and MERCOSUR. In 1999, he was trade secretary at Brazil’s Ministry of Development. From 1996 to 1998, he was the deputy secretary for international affairs at Brazil’s Ministry of Finance, and from 1988 to 1996, Mr. Marconini was counselor at the GATT/WTO in Geneva.
Read Mario Marconini’s comments from a July 8, 2006 article featured in the Miami Herald.
Dr. Luis Rubio is the founder, former president and current chairman of the Research Center for Development (CIDAC) in Mexico City. He also is a prolific author, writes a weekly column for Reforma, Mexico’s most influential newspaper, and has published numerous op-ed articles in the Los Angeles Times, The Wall Street Journal and other U.S. newspapers.
Read Dr. Rubio’s article on Mexico’s recent presidential election, co-authored with Ambassador Jeffrey Davidow, featured in the September/October issue of Foreign Affairs. (On May 16, 2006 Ambassdor Jeffrey Davidow spoke at the Center for Hemispheric Policy on Mexico)